Something for Vegans to Know

Vegans may need to supplement their diets with certain nutrients that are primarily found in animal products. These nutrients include vitamin B12, iron, vitamin D, calcium, iodine, and zinc.^[1] It is important for vegans to pay attention to these nutrients to ensure they are meeting their daily requirements.


There are many vegan supplements available on the market that can help vegans meet their nutrient needs. Some examples include vegan multivitamins, vitamin B12 supplements, iron supplements, and omega-3 supplements.^[2] It is important to choose supplements that are specifically labeled as vegan, as some supplements may contain animal-derived ingredients.


It is also important for vegans to eat a varied and balanced diet to ensure they are getting enough nutrients from whole foods. Some good vegan sources of these nutrients include fortified plant milks, leafy greens, nuts and seeds, and whole grains.



Health supplements refer to products that are taken orally and contain one or more ingredients, such as vitamins, minerals, herbs, amino acids, or other substances, that are intended to supplement one's diet and provide additional nutrients for overall health and wellness [1]. Some common health supplements include multivitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, probiotics, and herbal supplements


It is important to note that while some supplements may offer health benefits, they are not intended to replace a healthy diet and should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any new supplements, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking any medications


About BCAA


Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplements contain three essential amino acids: leucine, isoleucine, and valine. These amino acids are important for muscle protein synthesis and may be beneficial for athletes and individuals engaging in resistance training [1]. Some potential benefits of BCAA supplements include improved muscle growth, reduced muscle soreness and fatigue, and enhanced exercise performance [2].


However, it is important to note that more research is needed to fully understand the effects of BCAA supplements on muscle growth and exercise performance. In addition, BCAA supplements may not be necessary for individuals who consume adequate amounts of protein in their diet [1].


If you are considering taking BCAA supplements, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to determine if they are appropriate for your individual needs and goals


Why Choose Healthy Supplements?


There are several reasons why someone might choose to take health supplements:


Nutrient deficiencies: If you are not getting enough of a certain nutrient through your diet, supplements can help fill the gap. For example, if you are not consuming enough vitamin D through your diet or sun exposure, a supplement can help ensure you are meeting your daily needs.


Convenience: Health supplements can be a convenient way to get nutrients that may be difficult to obtain through your diet. For example, if you have a busy schedule and don't have time to prepare nutrient-dense meals, a multivitamin or other supplement can help ensure you are getting the nutrients you need.


Specific health goals: Supplements can be used to support specific health goals, such as building muscle, improving cognitive function, or reducing inflammation. For example, protein supplements can be helpful for individuals looking to build muscle, while omega-3 supplements may be beneficial for reducing inflammation.


Health conditions: Some health conditions may require additional nutrient support. For example, individuals with osteoporosis may benefit from calcium and vitamin D supplements to support bone health.


It is important to note that supplements should not be used as a replacement for a healthy diet. While supplements can be helpful in certain situations, they should be used in conjunction with a balanced and nutrient-dense diet to support overall health and wellness. It is also important to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before starting any new supplement regimen.


Vitamins role in the human body


Vitamins are essential nutrients that our bodies need to function properly. They play a crucial role in many bodily processes, including metabolism, immunity, and cell growth and repair. There are 13 essential vitamins that our bodies need to obtain through our diet or supplements, as our bodies cannot produce them on their own. These vitamins are:


Vitamin A

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Vitamin K

Vitamin C

Thiamine (B1)

Riboflavin (B2)

Niacin (B3)

Pantothenic acid (B5)

Pyridoxine (B6)

Biotin (B7)

Folate (B9)

Cobalamin (B12)

Each of these vitamins plays a unique role in the body. For example, vitamin A is important for vision, immune function, and skin health, while vitamin D is important for bone health and immune function. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage, while the B vitamins play a crucial role in energy metabolism.


While it is possible to obtain all of these vitamins through a balanced and nutrient-dense diet, some individuals may benefit from taking vitamin supplements. For example, individuals with certain health conditions or nutrient deficiencies may require additional vitamin support. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before starting any new vitamin supplement regimen to ensure proper dosing and safety.



Vitamin Definitions


Vitamins are essential for our health and wellbeing. They help us to maintain a healthy lifestyle and prevent diseases. There are 13 different types of vitamins, each with its own unique role in our body. These vitamins can be divided into two categories: fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. Fat-soluble vitamins include Vitamin A, D, E, and K while water-soluble vitamins include Vitamin C, B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Riboflavin), B3 (Niacin), B5 (Pantothenic Acid), B6 (Pyridoxine), Folic Acid, Biotin, and Vitamin B12. Each vitamin has its own set of benefits that are important for the proper functioning of our bodies.

Vitamin A

is an essential nutrient that plays a vital role in maintaining overall health. It helps in the development and maintenance of healthy skin, vision, teeth, bones, and mucous membranes. Vitamin A also helps to regulate the immune system and is important for reproduction. In addition to these benefits, it has been linked to reducing the risk of some cancers. Without sufficient amounts of vitamin A in our diet, we can experience a variety of health problems such as night blindness and increased susceptibility to infection. By understanding more about vitamin A and how it works in our bodies, we can make sure that we are getting enough of this important nutrient for optimal health.

Vitamin B

is a group of essential vitamins that play an important role in maintaining the health of our bodies. It is responsible for helping to convert food into energy, aiding in cell growth and development, and keeping our nervous system functioning properly. Vitamin B can be found in many foods including fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, legumes, nuts and seeds. Additionally, certain fortified foods such as breakfast cereals also contain vitamin B. In order to ensure that you are getting enough vitamin B in your diet it is important to consume a variety of these foods on a regular basis.

Vitamin C

 is an essential nutrient that plays a key role in the body’s overall health and wellbeing. It helps to keep the immune system functioning properly, aids in wound healing, and helps to prevent diseases such as scurvy. Vitamin C can be found in many fruits and vegetables, as well as some fortified foods and supplements. By ensuring that you get enough vitamin C through your diet or supplementation, you can help to support your overall health and well-being.

Vitamin D

 is an essential nutrient that plays a vital role in keeping us healthy. It helps in the absorption of calcium, boosts our immune system, and maintains healthy bones and teeth. Deficiency of vitamin D can lead to a number of health issues such as rickets, osteoporosis, and even depression. With the help of sunlight exposure, diet and supplements, we can ensure that our body gets enough vitamin D to stay healthy.


Vitamin E

 is an essential nutrient that helps protect your body from damage caused by free radicals. It also plays a role in the health of your skin, eyes, and immune system. Vitamin E is found naturally in some foods such as nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils. It can also be taken as a supplement to ensure that you are getting enough of this important nutrient. Taking vitamin E can help reduce the risk of certain diseases and improve overall health.

Vitamin K

 is an essential nutrient that plays a vital role in many bodily functions. It helps the body to produce proteins that are needed for blood clotting, bone health, and other important processes. Vitamin K is found in leafy green vegetables, certain oils, dairy products, and some fortified foods. Deficiency of vitamin K can lead to a range of health problems such as increased risk of bleeding and osteoporosis. Therefore, it is important to ensure adequate intake of vitamin K through diet or supplements.

Vitamin B6

 is an essential nutrient that plays a role in many bodily processes. It helps to convert food into energy, creates red blood cells, and helps keep the nervous system healthy. It also helps to regulate hormones and can be found in a variety of foods such as poultry, fish, legumes, and fortified cereals. Vitamin B6 deficiencies can lead to anaemia, skin disorders, and nerve damage. Therefore it is important to ensure that you are getting enough vitamin B6 in your diet or through supplementation if needed.



Vitamin B12


Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in many bodily processes, including the production of red blood cells, DNA synthesis, and nerve function. It is an essential vitamin, meaning that our bodies cannot produce it on their own and we must obtain it through our diet or supplements.


Vitamin B12 is primarily found in animal-based foods, such as meat, fish, and dairy products. However, it can also be found in some fortified plant-based foods, such as plant milks and breakfast cereals. Individuals who follow a vegan or vegetarian diet may be at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency, as their diets do not include animal-based foods that are rich in this vitamin.


Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can include fatigue, weakness, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty walking, and cognitive problems. Individuals who suspect they may be deficient in vitamin B12 should consult with a healthcare professional, who can perform a blood test to determine their vitamin B12 levels and recommend an appropriate course of action, which may include dietary changes or supplements.


Long-chain omega-3s,

also known as EPA and DHA, are essential fatty acids that play a vital role in maintaining the health of humans. They are found naturally in certain fish and seafood, as well as some plant sources. Long-chain omega-3s have been linked to numerous health benefits such as reducing inflammation, improving heart health and cognitive function. Additionally, they may also help reduce the risk of certain diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, it is important to ensure that you get enough long-chain omega-3s in your diet for optimal health.


is an essential mineral that helps keep our bodies healthy. It plays an important role in producing red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body. Without enough iron, people can become anemic and experience fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and other health issues. To prevent this, it is important to get enough iron through diet or supplementation. Taking a daily iron vitamin can be a great way to ensure that you are getting the recommended daily amount of iron in your diet.


is an essential mineral for the body. It helps in maintaining healthy bones, teeth, and muscles and is required for the proper functioning of the heart, nerves, and blood vessels. It also plays a role in many metabolic processes in the body. A balanced diet that includes foods rich in Vitamin Calcium such as dairy products, green leafy vegetables, nuts, and legumes can help ensure adequate intake of this essential mineral. Supplementation may be necessary if dietary sources are inadequate or if there are medical conditions that require higher doses of Vitamin Calcium.


is an essential mineral that plays a vital role in the body's overall health and wellbeing. It helps to maintain healthy skin, bones, and immune system. It also helps the body absorb other vitamins and minerals, such as calcium and iron. A lack of Vitamin Zinc can lead to a variety of health problems, including weakened immunity, anaemia, poor cognitive performance, and impaired wound healing. Therefore, it is important to ensure that you are getting enough Vitamin Zinc in your diet or through supplementation.


is an essential nutrient that plays a critical role in the body's metabolism and development. It is found naturally in certain foods, such as seafood, dairy products, and eggs, but can also be taken as a supplement. Without adequate amounts of vitamin iodine, the body cannot produce thyroid hormones or regulate metabolism properly. It is important to get enough vitamin iodine in order to prevent deficiency diseases such as goiter and cretinism. Additionally, it has been linked to improved cognitive function and better overall health.


The bottom line

Well-planned vegan diets can fulfil your nutritional needs.

That said, certain nutrient requirements may be difficult to achieve through diet and fortified foods alone.

This is especially true for vitamin B12, vitamin D, and long-chain omega-3s.

All vegans who are unable to meet their dietary recommendations through diet alone should consider taking supplements. Still, it’s best to speak with your healthcare provider before beginning a new supplement regime.